ABSTRACT

This chapter undertakes a comparative discussion of research results regarding the two discourses themselves. The results are discussed in a concluding and comparative manner in consideration of the research questions and with a view to forming further considerations and theses. The two EU discourses differ fundamentally; i.e., the French discourse can be characterised as a national EU discourse, while the German one is an EU discourse with national anchoring. Furthermore, the intensity of the discourses was very different, and there were also clear differences in the actors who shaped the discourses. In both states, politicians at the national level had central roles. Otherwise in Germany, politicians from the EU level and from other EU countries also had important roles, while representatives of national civil society organisations were far more important in France. The clearest difference was in the role of citizens, who helped shape the discourse in France but had only a marginal role in Germany. Differences also occurred with regard to the rules: while in France nothing was unsayable, the German discourse was structured by a silencing strategy with regard to EU criticism. Last but not least, also levels of reference, topics, motifs, arguments, and references in the discourse differed.