ABSTRACT

This chapter resumes the comparative analysis regarding the five contextual areas studied – political system, political parties and European integration, citizens and their attitudes on EU integration, central motifs of the national identity narratives, and previous EU discourses in France and Germany. Based on the results, explanatory theses on the discursive effect of the contextual factors are developed, which lead to an explanatory process model of discoursive enforcement of conflicts between the contextual factors and European integration. Four phases are distinguished: (1) Are there (potential) conflicts between European integration and contextual factors? (2) Is there an opportunity to address them? (3) Are they addressed? and (4) Do they prevail? In France in general, and in 2005 in particular, all these dimensions had an impact. This means that a discoursive EU-critical mobilisation and the discoursive impact of EU criticism are more probable to happen and to succeed in France in general. In Germany, on the contrary, the dimensions until today act against discoursive EU-critical mobilisation and the discoursive impact of EU criticism.