This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book presents the revival of the Vepsian language as a case study of language revival movements, bringing to the surface the complex grid of forces that surround the revitalization of the heritage language of a minority group of the Russian Federation. It presents those who speak their heritage language predominantly in rural areas, and primarily expands on language use and promotion in the city. It develops the argument on heritage language by presenting the promotion of the minority language within the education system. The book explains how the educators, the pupils, and the activists often cooperate in the creation of new pedagogic material as well as words. It finally provides successful examples of language revival where the elders participate in the promotion of their heritage language, the master-apprentice program.