This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book demonstrates how the three seemingly disparate research outlooks in literary studies can be brought together and can be proven to be bound in a relation of continuity and hierarchical dependence rather than being entirely incongruent with each other. Generally speaking, each of the disciplines introduces its own conceptual framework, as well as positing and accounting for the emergence of a new set of phenomena. The hierarchy proposed here is fundamental as it attempts to trace the continuity from natural cognitive processes, through fully developed art to broad cultural phenomena, indicating the gradual emergence of each partly autonomous object of study, along with the tools used for its analysis. Theory of mind and empathy come into play, helping to navigate within fictional world and to ascribe mental states to speakers and characters.