Irish Romanticism, taken here to mean writing and writers that contributed to a specific form of Romanticism that can be regarded as ‘Irish’, is not in character a subset of ‘British’ Romanticism as is often assumed, but a form of Romanticism with its own points of origin, preoccupations and symbolism that were often counter to wider Romantic values. This article examines the influence of Ireland on literature of the Romantic period, and the characteristics of a specifically Irish Romanticism in literature, focussing on the context, content and the major Irish writers of the period.