ABSTRACT

The concept of dislocation can be found in various fields including social psychology, urban planning, philosophy, political science, public health, migration studies, environmental psychology, and international psychology. Specifically, social dislocation refers to detachment and loss of identity, home, or culture in individuals and groups (Alexander, 2000). It often occurs among migrants and is a concern with the current wave of migration among large numbers of people globally, in response to specific events, circumstances, and geopolitical realities in their communities. Global migration and forced displacement are primary causes of displacement. Dislocation can also occur in communities in which people remain in place and experience isolation or exclusion. Shifts in society, job loss, and disconnection from cultural ties can result in detachment from family and community. Loss of identity can result in weaker connections among individuals and groups, and loss of integration in society. Theory and research on dislocation can be found across a broad range of disciplines, as the concept describes a dialectical reality that exists between sociological and psychological phenomena. That humans are social creatures has been widely accepted in both sociology and psychology (Umberson & Montez, 2010). When people are isolated and separated from their social community, it has an impact on their psychological health both individually and collectively. Resilience in individuals and cultural groups can protect against dislocation during the challenging experiences of migration and displacement. Receiving communities can increase positive acculturation through strategies that promote integration of newcomers and accessing their cultural strengths.