Classroom management refers to the actions that teachers take to organise the physical environment, to plan and conduct classroom activities, as well as to elicit and respond to student behaviours. Although it is made up of many individual actions and strategies, classroom management represents a system that is enacted over a period of time. Classroom management broadly impacts student learning and behaviour in many domains and has been a significant contributor to classroom success since the inception of classrooms.

In this entry, we first summarise the history of classroom management from the turn of the 20th century onwards. Next, we identify current research themes and issues. We then apply these themes and issues to a case example. Following this, we offer a discussion on the potential policy and practice applications of research on classroom management. Finally, we provide suggestions for the research that is needed in order to continue dynamic work in the field.