Terms and Conditions of website use

Welcome to Taylor & Francis. This page (together with the documents and terms referred to in it) tells you the terms (‘‘Terms’’) on which you may:

  1. make use of our website https://www.taylorfrancis.com/ (‘‘Site’’);
  2. register as a user of the Site;
  3. use, and we will supply or provide access to, certain Materials (as defined below) on the Site; and
  4. make use of the Materials.

Please read these Terms carefully before you start to use our Site. By using our Site, you confirm that you accept these Terms and that you agree to abide by them. If you do not agree to these Terms, please refrain from using or visiting our Site.

Other Applicable Terms

These Terms refer to the following additional terms, which also apply to your use of our Site:

  • Our Privacy Policy, which sets out the terms on which we process any personal data we collect from you, or that you provide to us. By using our Site, you consent to such processing and you warrant that all data provided by you is accurate.
  • Our Cookie Policy, which sets out information about the cookies on our Site.

Part I – Using the Site

1. Information about us

This Site is owned and operated by Taylor & Francis Group, a trading division of Informa UK Limited (‘‘we’’, ‘‘us’’ or ‘‘our’’). We are registered in England and Wales under company number 01072954 and have our registered office at 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Our main trading address is 2, 3 & 4 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, OX14 4RN, United Kingdom. Informa UK Limited is a part of Informa PLC, registered in the United Kingdom under company number 8860726. All Informa PLC’s UK trading subsidiaries are registered for VAT under one VAT group: GB365462636.

2. Site Structure and the Materials

The content on the Site consists of:

‘‘Free Materials’’: all content that is made available by us for free. This may include specific content made available: (i) to an individual through a periodic offer allowing free access for a limited period of time using either an access token or (for one session only) a session token; (ii) to the general public as free access content; or (iii) to an individual through referrer access from a relevant third party referring website;

‘‘Open Access Materials’’: all content that is available on an open access basis; and

‘‘Subscription Materials’’: all content that that can only be accessed by subscribers; and

The Free Materials, Open Access Materials and Subscription Materials together comprise the ‘‘Materials’’.

Accessing our Site

Use of the Site is restricted to those aged 18 or over only. Anyone under the age of 18 may only use the Site if accompanied by an adult. In addition to these Terms, use of and access to registered user areas and subscription areas in subject to any applicable registered user of subscription agreement.

Access to our Site is provided on a temporary basis and we reserve the right to withdraw access to our Site or amend the service we provide on our Site without notice. We will not be liable if, for any reason our Site is unavailable at any time or for any period.

You are responsible for making all arrangements necessary for you to have access to our Site. You are also responsible for ensuring that all persons who access our Site through your internet connection are aware of these Terms, and that they comply with them. You agree not to damage, interfere with or disrupt access to the Site or do anything which may interrupt or impair its functionality.

Anything on our Site may be out of date at any given time, and we are under no obligation to update it. We seek to ensure that information published on our Site is accurate when posted, but we cannot be held liable for its accuracy or timeliness and we may change the information at any time without notice. You must not relay on information on the Site and you acknowledge that you must take appropriate steps to verify this information before acting upon it.

Viruses, hacking and other offences

You must not misuse the Site by knowingly introducing viruses, Trojans, worms, logic bombs, or other material which is malicious or technologically harmful. You must not attempt to gain unauthorised access to the Site or any part of it, the server on which the Site is stored, or any server, computer, or database connected to the Site. You must not attack the Site via a denial-of-service attack or a distributed denial-of-service-attack.

By breaching this provision, you would commit a criminal offence under the Computer Misuse Act 1990. We will report any such breach to the relevant law enforcement authorities and We will co-operate with those authorities by disclosing your identity to them. In the event of such a breach, your right to use the Site will cease immediately.

We will not be liable for any loss or damage caused by a distributed denial-of-service attack, viruses, or other technologically harmful material that may infect your computer equipment, computer programs, data, or other proprietary material due to your use of the Site or due to your downloading of any material posted on it, or any website linked to it.

Linking to the Site

You may link to our home page, or a book page using the sharing tools provided by us, provided you do so for non-commercial purposes and in a way that is fair and legal and does not damage our reputation or take advantage of it. You must not establish a link in such a way as to suggest any form of association, approval or endorsement on our part where none exists or in a way that makes Material or content available to a third party who would not otherwise have free access to it (for example, by making subscription-only content freely available to a non-subscriber).

This Site must not be framed on any other site. We reserve the right to withdraw linking permission without notice.

Links from the Site

Where the Site contains links to other sites and resources provided by third parties, these links are for your information only. We have no control over the contents of these sites or resources and accept no responsibility for them or for any loss or damage that may arise from your use of them.

Our liability

The material on the Site is provided ‘‘as is’’, without any conditions, warranties or other terms of any kind. Subject to the below, we exclude all liability whether in contract, tort (including liability for negligence), or otherwise for the suitability, accuracy, or fitness for any purpose of the Site and any Material and limits its liability for any other liability under these terms or any related agreement to the fees payable by you for the element of the Site or the Material found to be in breach of these terms.

Subject to the below we exclude all liability for loss of business revenue or profits, anticipated savings, or wasted expenditure, corruption, or destruction of data or for any indirect or consequential loss whatever.

We do not limit or exclude its liability for death or personal injury caused by its negligence or any other liability the limitation or exclusion of which is prohibited by law.

Save as expressly permitted in these terms, all warranties, conditions, or other terms implied by statute, common law, or otherwise are excluded by us to the fullest extent permitted by law.

The Materials may be out of date at any given time, and while we may from time to time update the Materials we are under no obligation to do so.


We reserve the right to monitor and track your visits to the Site.

Part II – Intellectual Property and access and licence types

3. Becoming a registered user and use of passwords

Access to certain areas of the Site will be restricted to users logging in by Shibboleth, OpenAthens or user identification code and password. You can apply to become a registered user here, however please note that this will not on its own give you access to the Subscription Materials. If you would like any further information or want to be granted access to the Subscription Materials, please contact us at info@taylorandfrancis.com.

4. Intellectual property rights

We are the owner or the licensee of all copyright, trade marks, design rights, database rights, confidential information, or any other intellectual property rights (together the ‘‘Intellectual Property’’) in the Site, the content and the Materials.

The Materials are protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws and treaties around the world. All such rights are reserved. Your right to access and use the Site and the Materials is strictly limited to that set out below and, where applicable, in any accompanying licence agreement between you and us.

a. Free Materials

Access to Free Materials using an access token

To access Free Materials included in a periodic offer using an access token, you will need to register, log in and activate the access token to view the content. Only one access token per offer is allowed per person and reactivation of the token once used is not permitted unless the token specifically allows reactivation after a defined period chosen by us.

Usage rights for Free Materials

We grant you a limited and revocable licence to access and make personal use (including permission to print off one copy, and to download extracts) of any page containing Free Materials for your personal reference and you may draw the attention of others within your organisation to the Free Materials.

You must not (i) modify the paper or digital copies of any Free Materials you have printed off or downloaded in any way; (ii) use any illustrations, photographs, video or audio sequences, or any graphics separately from any accompanying text; and (iii) systematically download and store complete issues or volumes of any one book.

If you print off, copy, or download any part of the Site or the Free Materials in breach of these Terms, your right to use the Site will cease immediately and you must, at our option, return or destroy any copies of the Free Materials you have made.

This licence does not include any derivative use of the Site or the Materials, any collection and use of any product listings, descriptions, or prices; and downloading or copying of account information for the benefit of another merchant; or any use of data-mining, robots, or similar data-gathering and extraction tools. In addition, you may not use meta tags or any other ‘‘hidden text’’ utilising our name or the name of any of our group companies without our express written consent.

You must not use any part of the Free Materials for commercial purposes without first obtaining a licence in writing from us to do so.

Our status (and that of any identified contributors) as the authors of Free Materials on our site must always be acknowledged.

b. Subscription Materials

In addition to the terms set out above, your use of any Subscription Materials is subject to an additional licence, the nature and content of which will vary according to the type of Subscription Materials purchased and whether you are purchasing as an individual or on behalf of an organisation.

i. Access and usage rights for members of societies, institutions and corporations You may only access and use Subscription Materials purchased by an institution, corporation or society, if we have been notified by them that you are an authorised user.

If you are an authorised user of any such institution, society or a corporation which has acquired access rights on your behalf, your use and access of the Site will be governed by the terms contained in any such institutional/corporate/society agreement signed by the corporation/institution/society of which you are a member, as well as these Terms. However, the license signed by your particular corporation/institution/society may differ, so please speak to your librarian if you are unsure about whether your intended use is permitted under the terms of access We have granted to you.

ii. Other terms and conditions

Your access to and use of the Materials may be subject to additional terms and conditions as agreed by you and us from time to time, except that any such obligations will not apply to any dispute between you and us arising out of events occurring before the date of such additions.

c. Open Access Materials

Open Access Materials are freely available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) license (as amended from time to time). The current CC BY-NC-ND licence is available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.

It is essential that you check the license status of any given Open Access Materials to confirm conditions of access and use. You must not use, copy, display or distribute any Open Access Materials other than as permitted by the current CC BY-NC-ND licence.

The Open Access Materials are made available on an open access basis. No subscription fee or article pay-to-view fee or any other form of access fee are payable by you, and no publication embargo is applied.

5. Conflicting Terms

In the event of any conflict or inconsistency between the provisions of these Terms and any other agreement between you and us referred to in these Terms, the provisions of the other agreement will prevail, but only to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency.

Part III – General Provisions

6. Written communications

Applicable laws require that some of the information or communications we send to you should be in writing. When using the Site, you accept that communication with us will be mainly electronic. We will contact you by email or provide you with information by positing notices on the Site. For contractual purposes, you agree that this electronic means of communication and you acknowledge that all contracts, notices, information and other communications that we provide to you electronically comply with any legal requirement that such communications be in writing. This communication does not affect your statutory rights.

7. Confidentiality

You agree to keep our information concerning the business or affairs confidential. This does not apply to any disclosure required by a court or regulatory body of competent jurisdiction, trivial information, or information already publicly available or demonstrably in your possession at the time of disclosure (other than as a result of breach of any confidential obligation).

8. Notices

All notices given by you to us must be given to us at info@taylorandfrancis.com. We may give notice to you at either the email or postal address you provide to us when you signed up. Notice will be deemed received and properly served immediately when posted on the Site, 24 hours after an email is sent or three days after posting the posting of a letter. In providing the service of any notice, it will be sufficient to prove in the case of a letter that such letter was properly addressed, stamped and place in the post and, in the case of an email that such email was sent to the specified email address of the addressee.

9. Transfer of rights and obligations

You may not transfer, assign, charge or otherwise dispose of any of your rights or obligations arising under these Terms or any such contract, without our prior written consent.

We may transfer, assign, charge, sub-contract, or otherwise dispose of any of our rights or obligations arising under these Terms or any contract arising related to your use of the Site, at any time.

10. Events outside our control

We will not be liable or responsible for any failure to perform, or delay in performance of, any of our obligations under a contract that is caused by events outside our reasonable control (‘‘Force Majeure Event’’).

A Force Majeure Event includes any act, event, non-happening, omission, or accident beyond our reasonable control and includes in particular (without limitation) strikes, lock-outs or other industrial action, civil commotion, riot, invasion, terrorist attack, war (whether declared or not) or threat or preparation for war, fire, explosion, storm, flood, earthquake subsidence, epidemic or other natural disaster, impossibility of the use of railways, shipping, aircraft, moto transport or other means of public or private transport, impossibility of the use of public or private telecommunications networks and the acts, decrees, legislation, regulations, or restrictions of any government.

Our performance under these Terms is deemed to be suspended for the period that the Force Majeure Event continues, and we will have an extension of time for performance for the duration of that period. We will use our reasonable endeavours to bring the Force Majeure Event to a close or to find a solution by which our obligations under the contract may be performed despite the Force Majeure Event.

11. Waiver

If we fail, at any time, to insist upon strict performance of any of your obligations under any of these Terms, of it we fail to exercise any of the rights or remedies to which we are entitled under these Terms, this shall not constitute a waiver of such rights or remedies and shall not relieve you from compliance with such obligations. A waiver by us of any default shall not constitute a waiver of any subsequent default and no waiver by us of any of these Terms shall be effective unless it is expressly stated to be a waiver and is communicated to you in writing in accordance with clause 8 above.

12. Severability

If any of these Terms or any provisions of a contract are determined by any competent authority to be invalid, unlawful, or unenforceable to any extent, such term, condition, or provision will to that extent be severed from the remaining terms, conditions, and provisions which will continue to be valid to the fullest extent permitted by law.

13. Entire agreement

These Terms and any document expressly referred to in them (including but not limited to in particular any agreement referred to in clause 5) represent the entire agreement between us in relation to the subject matter of any contract and supersede any prior agreement, understanding, or arrangement between us, whether oral or in writing.

We acknowledge that, in entering into a contract, neither of us has relied on any representation, undertaking, or promise given by the other or implied from anything said or written in negotiations between us prior to such contract, except as expressly stated in these terms and conditions.

Neither of us shall have any remedy in respect of any untrue statement made by the other, whether orally or in writing, prior to the date of any contract (unless such untrue statement was made fraudulently) and the other party’s only remedy shall be for breach of contract as provided in these Terms.

14. Our right to vary these terms

We have the right to revise and amend these Terms or any clause contained within them from time to time to reflect changes in market conditions affecting our business, changes in technology, changes in payment methods, changes in relevant laws and regulatory requirements, and changes in our system’s capabilities except that such revisions or amendments do not apply to any dispute between you and us arising, or arising out of events occurring, before the date of such revision or amendment.

15. Applicable Law & Jurisdiction

You agree that the courts of England shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any disputes arising out of or in connection with these Terms or their formation. For these purposes each party irrevocably submits to the jurisdiction of the courts of England.

These Terms and any dispute or claim (including non-contractual disputes or claims) arising out of or in connection with it or it subject matter or formation shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales.

We make no warranty or guarantee that the Web Site or information available over it complies with laws other than those of England.

Contact Us

To contact us, please email info@taylorandfrancis.com.

Thank you for visiting our Site.